The Best Way To Grow Mushrooms At Home
Growing edible mushrooms at home is not too tricky. The fact is, you can begin growing mushrooms within the next few weeks if you start preparing the substrate and cultures today. Unlike more common agricultural practices that involve herbs, fruit trees, vegetables, etc., mushroom farming is anything but difficult.
The main reason for this is quite simple: unlike plants, fungi is incredibly resilient and it may literally ‘take care of itself' if ideal conditions are attained. Only one batch of inoculated wood chips can yield mushrooms for many years at a time.
Plus the good thing about this is you can actually improve the total mushroom yield by producing/purchasing viable spawn. If you're like the majority of mushroom enthusiasts, you may be fascinated by the concept of producing your very own pure mushroom culture. This is done by adding mycelium to a sterile base which has been supplemented with the necessary nutrients.
The culturing process is actually the time-consuming part of the whole process. You have to look at the agar media for contaminations and you would also need to cross-check the appearance of the mycelium growing on the petri dishes to make sure you are not growing the mycelium of some wild fungi.
Why is culturing performed? Culturing is performed to create viable mycelium that would then colonize the sterilized material that will later become the spawn or ‘seeds' that would then be utilized to inoculate the substrate. Culturing might be labor but it really does repay because once you have healthy batches of pure culture you can just store the cultures in a freezer for later use.
Let's discuss the substrate that you are using to cultivate your mushrooms. Generally, you may need some form of loose substrate like straw or husks. Some edible mushrooms similar to the shiitake mushroom) would only grow on organic or synthetic logs.
These edible can only be grown properly if sawdust or plug spawn are used. There are plenty of methods you can incorporate sawdust spawn or plug spawn into an organic or synthetic log. The most frequent technique is drilling large holes to the wood.
A hand injector is then used to directly apply the sawdust spawn to the wood. If the mushroom farmer has opted for plug spawn, the wooden plugs are simply hammered into the holes and then sealed with a special wax. Some mushroom farmers saw out small wedges from shorter cuts of wood.
The resulting space will then be filled with sawdust spawn and then sealed once more with the wedge of wood. Of course, you could drill holes in smaller logs and use plug spawn instead of sawdust spawn. Sawdust spawn requires extra care so if you are short on time, use plug spawn instead.
Mushroom varieties like the oyster mushroom do well if they're grown in bottle or plastic bags. The plastic bags are filled on the brim with inoculated substrate then left in a temperature-controlled growing area. The humidity of the growing area needs to be controlled through misting or by installed a centralized humidifying system.
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