is 34 hectares of open space in Sydney
, New South Wales
. It is located on the eastern edge of the Sydney central business district
, near Woolloomooloo
. The Domain adjoins the Royal Botanic Gardens
and is managed by the Royal Botanic Gardens Trust, a division of the New South Wales Department of Environment and Climate Change
. It is a popular venue for outdoor concerts, open air events and for large gatherings and rallies.
By July 1788
, six months after the First Fleet
had landed in Sydney Cove, Governor Arthur Phillip
had established a small farm in the cove immediately to the east, the so named Farm Cove
. Further up the valley of the stream that flowed into Farm Cove, Governor Phillip set aside an open area for the Governor's exclusive use known as the ‘Phillip Domain’. It covered the area east of the Tank Stream to the head of Woolloomooloo (Walla Mulla) Bay. The farm had been established for growing grain, but was soon moved to Parramatta
, because of the poor sandy soil. The Farm Cove (Woccanmagully) area was then leased out for private farming for the next twenty years.
Despite a ditch being dug to define its boundary in 1792 the Domain was gradually encroached upon by others in subsequent years. Governor Bligh's
attempts to reclaim the Domain was among the many causes of the ‘Rum Rebellion’ of 26 January 1808.
As soon as he arrived... Read More