The Execution of Lady Jane Grey
is an oil painting by Paul Delaroche
completed in 1833. It is currently housed in the National Gallery
in London. The painting portrays, erroneously in some regards, the moments preceding the death of Lady Jane Grey
, who, on July 10, 1553 was proclaimed Queen of England
, only to be deposed less than two weeks later and executed in 1554. Jane is sometimes known as the "Nine Days' Queen" or the "Thirteen Days' Queen" due to the brevity of her reign.
Lady Jane Grey was the grand-niece of Henry VIII of England
and cousin to his son, the short-lived Edward VI
. After the latter's death she was proclaimed queen, being given precedence over Henry's daughters, Mary Tudor
. Two weeks after the death of her brother, Mary, who had the support of the English people, claimed the throne, which Jane relinquished, having reigned for only nine days. Jane, her husband Lord Guilford Dudley
, and her father, were imprisoned in the Tower of London
on charges of high treason
. Jane's trial was conducted in November, but the death penalty handed to her was temporarily suspended. In February 1554, Jane's father, who had been released, was one of the rebel leaders in Wyatt's rebellion
, and on February 12, Mary had Jane, then aged 16, and her husband beheaded. Her father followed two days later.
Delaroche painted the subject of Lady Jane's execution in 1833, nearly 300... Read More