The Garden of Eden
is the second posthumously released novel
of Ernest Hemingway
, published in 1986. Begun in 1946, Hemingway worked on the manuscript for the next 15 years, during which time he also wrote The Old Man and the Sea
, The Dangerous Summer
, A Moveable Feast
, and Islands in the Stream
The novel is fundamentally the story of five months in the lives of David Bourne, an American writer, and his wife, Catherine. It is set mainly in the French Riviera
, specifically in the Côte d'Azur
, and in Spain
. The story begins with their honeymoon in the Camargue
. The Bournes soon meet a young woman named Marita, with whom they both fall in love, but only one can ultimately have her. David starts an affair with Marita, while his relationship with his wife deteriorates. The story continues until the apparent separation
of David and Catherine.
The Garden of Eden indicates Hemingway's exploration of male-female relationships, shows an interest in androgynous
characters, and "the reversal of gender roles."
Mellow argues the "ideas of sexual transference" did not become clear in Hemingway's fiction until he wrote The Garden of Eden
. Catherine Bourne convinces David to dye his hair the color of hers, "so they are twins, summer-tanned and androgynous."
Background and publication history
Hemingway biographer James Mellow argues the genesis of the story began during... Read More