Thomas Edison National Historical Park
preserves Thomas Edison
's laboratory and residence, Glenmont
, in Llewellyn Park
in West Orange, New Jersey
. For more than forty years, the laboratory had a major impact on the lives of people worldwide. Out of the West Orange laboratories came the motion picture camera, improved phonographs, sound recordings, silent and sound movies and the nickel-iron alkaline electric storage battery.
The history of how the site became a National Historic Park is complicated. Edison's home was designated as the Edison Home National Historic Site
on December 6, 1955. The laboratory was designated as Edison Laboratory National Monument
on July 14, 1956. On September 5, 1962, the site containing the home and the laboratory were designated the Edison National Historic Site
and overseen by the National Park Service
. On March 30, 2009 it was renamed Thomas Edison National Historical Park
, adding "Thomas" to the title hopes to relieve confusion between the Edison sites in West Orange, NJ
and Edison, NJ
. Following extensive renovations of the laboratory complex, there was a grand reopening on October 10, 2009.
In popular culture
In 2002, the group They Might Be Giants
released a song called "The Edison Museum" about this site.