Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr.

Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr.

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Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr.

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Thomas Mann Randolph Jr. (October 1, 1768 – June 20, 1828) was a planter, soldier, and politician from Virginia. He served as a member of both houses of the Virginia General Assembly, a Representative in the U.S. Congress, and as the 21st Governor of Virginia, from 1819-1822.

He married Martha Jefferson, the oldest daughter of Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States. They had eleven children who survived childhood. As an adult, Randolph developed alcoholism, and he and his wife separated for some time before his death.


Early life and education

The Randolphs were among the First Families of Virginia. Born at Tuckahoe Plantation in Goochland County, Virginia, Thomas was the first son of Thomas Mann Randolph, Sr. (1741–1793) and Anne Carey (1745–1789), both of the elite planter class. His paternal ancestors included Pocahontas, the youngest daughter of the Chief Powhatan, and her English-born husband John Rolfe. The latter is credited with developing a strain of tobacco in 1612 in the Colony of Virginia as a successful cash crop for export.

Randolph received his early education from his mother and private tutors, as was customary in many planter families. He attended the College of William and Mary, in Williamsburg, Virginia, and the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 1785-1788.

His sisters included Mary Randolph, author of The Virginia House-Wife (1824), and Virginia Randolph Cary, author of Letters on Female Character (1828).

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