The Thousand Days' War
(1899–1902) (Spanish: Guerra de los Mil Días
), was a civil armed conflict in the newly created Republic of Colombia
, (including its then province of Panama
) between the Conservative Party
, the Liberal Party
and its radical factions. In 1899 the ruling conservatives were accused of maintaining power through fraudulent elections. The situation was worsened by an economic crisis caused by falling coffee prices in the international market, which mainly affected the opposition Liberal Party
, which had lost power.
Throughout the 19th century, Colombia was a country filled with political instability, which was the factor that evolved into the main cause of the war in 1886. This was the year in which the 1863 constitution was suppressed and replaced by a more centralist and conservative document. The 1863 constitution had been criticized as a result of federalist excesses during the period in which the Liberal radicals were in power.
(Regeneration) period and the creation of the 1886 constitution, the centralist regime only managed to aggravate the political problems, which some departments
soon began to complain about to the central government. In the economic field, poor political decisions also led to economic problems.
The detonating factor of the war was simply the confrontation between the Liberals and Conservatives, as much among them as within their respective parties. The Conservatives had used... Read More