As the oldest branch of Christianity, along with Eastern Orthodoxy
,The Eastern Orthodox
and some other churches are also apostolic in origin — i.e., they also date their origins back to the founding of the Church at the time of the Apostles
the history of the Catholic Church
plays an integral part of the History of Christianity
as a whole. This article covers a period of just under 2,000 years.
Over time, schisms
have disrupted the unity of Christianity. The major divisions occurred in c.144 with Marcionism
, 318 with Arianism
, in 1054 the East–West Schism
of the Catholic Church with the Eastern Orthodox churches
and in 1517 with the Protestant Reformation
. The Catholic Church has been the moving force in some of the major events of world history including the evangelization of Europe and Latin America, the spreading of literacy and the foundation of the universities, hospitals, Western monasticism
, the development of art, music, literature, architecture, the scientific method
, and trial by jury
. Also playing a role in world affairs including, the Inquisition
, the Crusades
, an analytical philosophical method, and the downfall of communism in Eastern Europe
in the late 20th century.
Ministry of Jesus and founding
- c. 4 BC: Nativity of Jesus. According to the Gospel of Luke, his birth occurred in the town of Bethlehem during the reigns of......