Timeline of the Indonesian National Revolution

Timeline Of The Indonesian National Revolution

Timeline of the Indonesian National Revolution

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This is the Timeline of Indonesian National Revolution (1945–1950)


  • early 1945: Small, mostly Dutch, commando units parachute into northern Sumatra.


  • 15 August: The Japanese surrender brings the fighting in World War II to an official close.
  • 17 August: "Proclamation of Indonesian Independence", signed by Sukarno-Hatta.
  • Tan Malaka, a former Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) leader, returns secretly from exile and reveals his identity in Jakarta and draws a large following.
  • late August: A Republican government is established in Jakarta and a provisional constitution is adopted. Central Indonesian National Committee (KNIP) established.
  • 17 August to 25 August: The Japanese in Java and Sumatra disband the Peta/Giyugun and Heiho, dismantling command structures and membership.
  • 22 August: The Japanese announce their surrender publicly across Indonesia.
  • August to September: Euphoria of revolution spreads across the country, while local Japanese commanders and their troops often abandon urban areas to avoid confrontation. Many discreetly allowed Indonesian youths to acquire arms. Republican youths take over infrastructure facilities in Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Malang and Bandung with little or no Japanese resistance. Mass pro-Republic rallies are held in Jakarta and Surabaya. Sukarno successfully convinces crowds to disperse without challenging the Japanese, thus further boosting his reputation as the only one able to prevent massive violence.......
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