: தி௫ச்சிராப்பள்ளி மாவட்டம்), also known as Tiruchchirapalli District or Trichy District, is located along the Kaveri River
in Tamil Nadu
. The main town in Tiruchirapalli District is the city of Tiruchirapalli
, also known as Trichy.During the British Raj
, Tiruchirapalli was known as Trichinopoly
, and was a district of the Madras Presidency
; it was renamed upon India's declaration of independence in 1947.
Tiruchirapalli district lies at the heart of Tamil Nadu
. The district has an area of 4,404 square kilometers. It is bounded in the northwest by Namakkal district
, in the northeast by Perambalur district
, in the east by Thanjavur district
, in the southeast by Pudukkottai district
, in the south by Madurai district
and Sivagangai district
, in the southwest by Dindigul district
and, in the west by Karur district
. Kaveri river flows through the length of the district and is the principal source of irrigation and water supply.
According to the 2011 provisional population results, the district has a population of 2,713,858. The density is 602 persons per km<sup>2</sup>. The district has a literacy of 83.6%, higher than the state's average.Tamil
is the principal language spoken and Tamils
are the predominant linguistic group in the district. Considerable amount of Sri Lankan Tamils
are also found in certain pockets of Tiruchirapalli.......