Titanium tetrachloride

Titanium Tetrachloride

Titanium tetrachloride

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Titanium tetrachloride is the inorganic compound with the formula TiCl<sub>4</sub>. It is an important intermediate in the production of titanium metal and the pigment titanium dioxide. TiCl<sub>4</sub> is an unusual example of a metal halide that is highly volatile. Upon contact with humid air, it forms spectacular opaque clouds of titanium dioxide (TiO<sub>2</sub>) and hydrogen chloride (HCl).<!-- cute, but noteworth? It is sometimes humorously referred to as "tickle".

Properties and structure

TiCl<sub>4</sub> is a dense, colourless distillable liquid, although crude samples may be yellow or even red-brown. It is one of the rare transition metal halides that is a liquid at room temperature, VCl<sub>4</sub> being another example. This property reflects the fact that TiCl<sub>4</sub> is molecular; that is, each TiCl<sub>4</sub> molecule is relatively weakly associated with its neighbours. Most metal chlorides are polymers, wherein the chloride atoms bridge between the metals. The attraction between the individual TiCl<sub>4</sub> molecules is weak, primarily van der Waals forces, and these weak interactions result in low melting and boiling points, similar to those of CCl<sub>4</sub>.

Ti<sup>4+</sup> has a "closed" electronic shell, with the same number of electrons as the inert gas......
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