(; 4 November 1877 – 20 November 1955) was a Polish
socialist politician, a member of the Polish Socialist Party
and the Prime Minister
of the Polish government-in-exile in London from 1944 to 1947, presiding over the period when the government lost the recognition of the Western powers.
Tomasz Arciszewski was born in Sierzchowy
, a tiny town halfway between Warsaw
to Mikołaj Arciszewski, a veteran of the January Uprising
and Helena Młynarska.
After graduating from trade schools in Lubań and Radom
, Tomasz Arciszewski moved to Sosnowiec
, an ever-growing centre of heavy industry of the region of Zagłębie
. There in 1894 he started working as a factory worker in a steel foundry. In 1896 he joined the Polish Socialist Party
(PPS) and soon afterwards took part in a strike
, for which he was dismissed.
Initially active in Zagłębie
, he had to flee the country and between 1898 and 1900 he lived in London and Bremen
, where he was one of the leaders of the Association of Polish Socialists in Exile
. Despite being endangered with arrest by the tsarist police, Arciszewski returned to Poland in August 1900 and was arrested soon afterwards.
Released in 1903, Arciszewski returned to active service in the ranks of the socialists. He became one of the PPS' members used to develop the organization and structures of illegal party in poorly-developed areas of Poland. He spent some time in Częstochowa
and in the poorly-developed... Read More