is a term used to describe the shift from being bilingual
, knowing two different languages
, to only speaking one leading language. This usually happens over a period of time and can be seen within a few generations
. There are families
with immigrant grandparents
who speak primarily their native language
and some of the new country's language. Their children
then speak both languages, but the grandchildren only speak the dominant or preferred language of the new location. The United States
provides many examples of this phenomenon. For example, a woman born and raised in Mexico
moved to the United States and learned a bit of English
and spoke a great deal of Spanish
as well. Her daughter
, born and reared in the U.S. was equally fluent in both Spanish and English (bilingual). The grandchild of the Mexican immigrant, who was born and has been reared in the U.S., speaks only English.
This process is due to the pressure that is put on the individuals by the society
of the new environment. They cannot survive well without the primary language spoken in their new home and eventually, since fewer and fewer people speak the "old" native language, it is not used as often, as it is not a necessity, and is lost.
- Ottenheimer, H.T. (2006). The Anthropology of Language. Kansas State University: Thomson Wadsworth.