The Treaty of Ayacucho
was an agreement between Brazil
signed in 1867. It assigned the land of Acre
(now a state in Brazil) to Bolivia
. It lasted until 1899, when an expedition led by Luiz Gálvez Rodríguez de Aria
set up the first republic of Acre
In Acre profits in rubber drew thousands of Brazilians, largely immigrants from the poor northeast of the country. In 1889, the situation escalated when the Brazilians living in Acre decided to defy the authority of Bolivia
. They wanted to create an independent territory, and request annexation from Brazil
's response was to found the city of Puerto Alonso (today Porto Acre
). Using military force, in October 1889 the Brazilians occupied and expelled the Bolivians.
In July 1899, with the help of the governor of the state of Amazonas, the Brazilian population proclaimed the Republic of Acre
Bolivia then leased the region through the Treaty of Aramayo
to The Bolivian Syndicate of New York in 1901. However, by August 1902, an insurrection of around two thousand Brazilian guerrillas began. They would finally defeat Bolivian force in 1903. José Plácido de Castro
was proclaimed governor of the Independent Acre.
Finally, it was superseded in 1903 by the Treaty of Petrópolis
, which gave Acre to Brazil, in exchange for some concessions elsewhere. Read More