The Treaty of Perth
, 1266, ended military conflict between Norway
, under King Magnus VI of Norway
, and Scotland
, under King Alexander III
, over the sovereignty of the Hebrides
and the Isle of Man
The Hebrides and the Isle of Man had become Norwegian territory during centuries when both Scotland and Norway were still forming themselves as coherent nation-states, and Norwegian control had been formalised in 1098, when Edgar of Scotland
signed the islands over to Magnus III of Norway
. In Norwegian terms, the islands were the Sudreys
, meaning Southern Isles.
The Treaty was agreed three years after the Battle of Largs
in 1263. Michael Lynch
has compared the treaty's importance with that of the Treaty of York
of 1237. The Treaty of York defined a border between Scotland and England
which is almost identical to the modern border.
Largs is often claimed as a great Scottish victory, but the Norwegian forces, led by King Håkon IV
, were not fully committed to battle and the result was inconclusive. Håkon had planned to renew military action the following summer, but he died in Orkney
during the winter. His successor, King Magnus VI, sued for peace and secured the Treaty of Perth.
In the treaty Norway recognised Scottish sovereignty over the disputed territories in return for a lump sum of 4,000 marks
and an annuity of 100 marks. The annuity was actually paid during subsequent decades. Scotland also confirmed... Read More