is located on a rocky headland (known as Pen Bal Crag), overlooking Tynemouth
Pier (). The moated castle-towers, gatehouse
are combined with the ruins of the Benedictine priory
where early kings of Northumbria
were buried. The coat of arms of the town of Tynemouth still includes three crowns commemorating the tradition that the Priory had been the burial place for three kings.
Origins of the Priory
Little is known of the early history of the site. Some Roman
stones have been found there, but there is no definite evidence that it was occupied by the Romans. The Priory was founded early in the 7th century, perhaps by Edwin of Northumbria
In 651 Oswin
, king of Deira was murdered by the soldiers of King Oswiu of Bernicia
, and subsequently his body was brought to Tynemouth for burial. He became St Oswin and his burial place became a shrine visited by pilgrims. He was the first of the three kings buried at Tynemouth.
In 792 Osred
who had been king of Northumbria from 789 to 790 and then deposed, was murdered. He also was buried at Tynemouth Priory. Osred was the second of the three kings buried at Tynemouth.
The third king to be buried at Tynemouth was Malcolm III
, king of Scotland, who was killed at the Battle of Alnwick
Attacks by the Danes
In 800 the Danes
plundered Tynemouth Priory, and afterwards the monks strengthened the fortifications sufficiently to prevent the Danes from succeeding when they attacked again in 832. However, in 865 the... Read More