The Type 38 rifle Arisaka
(三八式歩兵銃 Sampachi-shiki hohējū
) is a bolt-action
rifle. For a time it was the standard rifle of the Japanese
infantry. It was known also as the Type 38 Year Meiji Carbine
in Japan. An earlier, similar weapon was the Type 30 Year Meiji Rifle
, which was also used alongside it. Both of these weapons were also known as the Arisaka
, after the inventor.
It used the Japanese designed 6.5×50mm Arisaka
calibre cartridge. This cartridge produces little recoil when fired. However, while on par with the Norwegian and Italian 6.5mm military cartridges of the time, the 6.5×50mm was not as powerful as several others in use by other nations. The Arisaka Rifle at 1280 mm (50 inches) was the longest rifle of the war, due to the emphasis on bayonet training for the Japanese soldier of the era who stood 160 cm (5 feet, 3 inches on average)."". Time
magazine, February 15, 1943. Accessed June 24, 2009. The rifle was even longer when the 400 mm (15.75 inch) Type 30 bayonet
These two concerns (among others) led the Japanese Army to adopt the Type 99 Rifle
, a shorter rifle using more powerful ammunition. Japanese authorities also wished to adopt a new long arm that needed fewer machining steps to be produced given Japan's metallurgic capacity.
The Type 38 Cavalry Carbine
is a short-barreled version of the Type 38. It was used by cavalry, engineer, quartermaster... Read More