The following is a list of the types of local
territorial units in Quebec
, including those used solely for statistical purposes, as defined by the Institut de la Statistique du Québec.
Not included are the urban agglomerations of Quebec
, which, although they group together multiple municipalities, exercise only what are ordinarily local municipal powers.
A list of local municipal units in Quebec by regional county municipality
can be found here: or in the article List of municipalities in Quebec
All municipalities (except cities), whether township, village, parish, or unspecified ones, are functionally and legally identical. The only difference is that the designation might serve to disambiguate between otherwise identically-named municipalities, often neighbouring ones. Many such cases have had their names changed, or merged with the identically-named nearby municipality since the 1950s, such as the former city and canton
, which merged in 2007.
Municipalities are governed primarily by the Code municipal du Québec
(Municipal Code of Québec, R.S.Q. c. C-27.1), whereas cities are governed by the Loi sur les cités et villes
(Cities and Towns Act, R.S.Q. c. C-19) as well as (in the case of the older ones) various individual charters.
Until the late 1990s, the title cité
retained a few minor differences from that of ville
is the only remaining cité
but has the same status and is often called ville