(, North Marquesan
) is the third largest of the Marquesas Islands
, in French Polynesia
, an overseas territory of France
in the Pacific Ocean
. It is located about 50 km (30 mi.) south of Nuku Hiva
, in the northern Marquesas. Until the beginning of the 1980s, it was the most populous of the Marquesas Islands, because when the other islands were being ravaged by diseases
introduced by European explorers
and traders, the Catholic
priests on the island finally took to quarantining
the remnant of the native population inside their churches whenever visiting ships approached the island, thereby reducing their exposure to external diseases.
The center of the island is characterized by four high basalt
pillars that reach high above the surrounding mountains. The highest of these pillars, Mount Oave
(), reaches to 1,230 m (4,035 ft.) above sea level
and is the highest elevation in the Marquesas.
The island covers an area of 106 km (41 sq. mi.), and is located just northwest of the small island of Motu Oa
. The population in 2007 was 2,157. The largest settlement is Hakahau
, on Hakahau Bay, on the northeast coast.
Administratively Ua Pu forms the commune
(municipality) of Ua-Pou
, part of the administrative subdivision
of the Marquesas Islands
. This commune consists solely of the island of Ua Pu and its offshore rocks. It is subdivided into two associated communes
The... Read More