All the world championship events are ridden by national teams, not trade teams such as in the Tour de France. The winner of each category is entitled to wear the rainbow jersey in races of that category (either mass start or time trial) until the next championships.
The first world championships took place in 1921, though the only event that was contested was the Men's Road Race for Amateurs. The first professional world championship took place in July 1927 at the Nürburgring in Germany where ItalianAlfredo Binda won the professional men's race and BelgianJean Aerts won the men's amateur race. The women's road race was introduced in 1958. The time trials in all categories were added in 1994.
Until 1995, there were separate races for male professional and amateur riders. In 1996, the amateur category was replaced with a category for men under-23 years old with the professional category becoming an open (later elite) category.
Since 1995, the race has been held towards the end... Read More