Udupi Ramachandra Rao
, popularly known as U. R. Rao
() is a space scientist
and former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation
. Presently he is the Chairman of the Governing Council of the Physical Research Laboratory
, which is considered as the cradle of India's Space Program. Prof Rao was awarded the Padma Bhushan
by the Government of India in 1976.
U. R. Rao was born at Adamaru
State, India. He had his primary education at Adamaru.
After working as a Faculty Member at MIT
and Assistant Professor at University of Texas at Dallas
where he carried out investigations as a prime experimenter on a number of Pioneer and Explorer spacecrafts, Prof. Rao returned to India in 1966 as Professor at the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad.
Prof Rao started his career as a cosmic ray scientist, under the late Dr Vikram Sarabhai, which work he continued at MIT. In association with the JPL Group, he was the first to establish the continuous nature of the solar wind and its effect on geomagnetism using Mariner 2 observations. Prof Rao's experiments on a number of Pioneer and Explorer spacecrafts, led to a complete understanding of the solar cosmic ray phenomena and the electromagnetic state of the interplanetary space. Convinced of the imperative need to use... Read More