Ugric languages

Ugric Languages

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Ugric languages

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Ugric or Ugrian languages (, ) are a branch of the Uralic language family. The term derives from Yugra, a region in north-central Asia.

They include three languages: Hungarian (Magyar), Khanty (Ostyak), and Mansi language (Vogul). A common Proto-Ugric language is posited to have been spoken from the end of the 3rd millennium BC until the first half of the 1st millennium BC, in Western Siberia, east from the southern Ural mountains. However, recent reconstructions of Uralic have not generally found support for Ugric. Of the three languages, Khanty and Mansi have traditionally set apart from Hungarian as Ob-Ugric, but Mansi now appears to be closer to Hungarian, so Ugric may be composed of only these two languages.

Structural features

  • Distinct verb conjugations according to the transitivity of the verb. It is sometimes termed as “definite” versus “indefinite” conjugation, because also the definiteness of the object can play a role when selecting between the two
  • Verbal Prefixes – modify the meaning of the verb in both concrete and abstract ways

Examples from Mansi

ēl(a) – 'forwards, onwards, away'<table border=1><tr><td>jōm- 'to go, to stride'</td><td>ēl-jōm- 'to go away/on'</td></tr><tr><td>tinal- 'to sell'</td><td>ēl-tinal- 'to sell off'</td></tr></table>

χot – 'direction away from something and other nuances of action intensity'<table...
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