, Улаанцав, officially ; ) is a region administered as a prefecture-level city
in south-central Inner Mongolia
, North China
. Its administrative centre is in Jining District
, which was formerly a county-level city. It was established as a prefecture-level city on 1 December 2003, formed from the former Ulanqab League
Ulaan Chab city has an area of . It borders Hohhot
to the west, Mongolia
to the north, Xilin Gol League
to the northeast, Hebei
to the east and Shanxi
to the south. At the end of 2004, Ulanqab had 2.7 million inhabitants.
The western part of Ulaan Chab used to be part of the now defunct Chinese province of Suiyuan
Ulaan Chab has eleven administrative divisions: one district
, one county-level city
, five counties
and four banners
Geography and climate
Ulanqab features a cold semi-arid climate
), marked by long, cold and very dry winters, warm, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. More than half of the annual precipitation of around falls in July and August alone.
In the 2000 census, there were 2,284,414 inhabitants:
Ulanqab's transportation network is well-developed, connected by several railways and highways. Some of the railways the pass through the prefecture are the Beijing–Baotou
, and the Jining–Tongliao
Railways. Major inter-provincial roads include the Beijing−Hohhot......