are a type of sports fans
renowned for their fanatical support and elaborate displays. They are predominantly European
followers of football
teams. The behavioral tendency of ultras groups includes the use of flares
(primarily in tifo
choreography), vocal support in large groups and the displaying of banners at football stadiums, all of which are designed to create an atmosphere which encourages their own team and intimidates opposing players and supporters.
The actions of ultras groups can occasionally be overly extreme and are sometimes influenced by political ideologies
, In recent decades, the culture has become a focal point for the movement against the commercialization
of sports and football in particular.
The origin of the ultras movement is disputed, with many supporters groups from various countries making claims solely on the basis of their dates of foundation. The level of dispute and confusion is aided by a contemporary tendency (mainly in Europe) to categorize all groups of overtly fanatical supporters as ultras
. Supporters groups of a nature comparable to the ultras have been present in Brazil
since 1939, when the first torcida organizada
was... Read More