The United All-England Eleven
(UEE) was an English cricket
team formed in 1852 by players breaking away from William Clarke
's All-England Eleven
(AEE). Key UEE players included John Wisden
and Jemmy Dean
, who became joint secretaries of the team.
The team was part of a movement in cricket that used Clarke's idea of professional teams touring the country on the newly created railways. The introduction of railways meant that, for the first time, cricket teams found that touring was feasible. Together with Clarke's team, the UEE players monopolised the best cricket talent until the rise of county cricket in the 1860s.Tony Collins, Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports
, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0-415-35224-X.
Clarke would have nothing to do with the UEE, but he died in 1856, and from 1857 to 1866 the matches between the AEE and the UEE were perhaps the most important contests of the English season - certainly judged by the quality of the players.Alan Gibson
, The Cricket Captains of England
, The Pavilion Library, 1989. ISBN 1-85145-390-3, pp3-4.
Between 1850 and 1880, 19 such teams were formed including the United North of England Eleven
and the United South of England Eleven
. The teams functioned by charging game organisers for their services and the organisers recouped their costs through a paying audience.
By 1859, the New York Times
could say that the first English team... Read More