The United Kingdom general election of 2005
was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005 to elect 646 members
to the British House of Commons
. The Labour Party
under Tony Blair
won its third consecutive victory, but with a majority
of 66, reduced from 160.
campaign emphasised a strong economy, however Blair suffered a decline in popularity due to the decision to send British troops to invade Iraq
in 2003. The Conservative Party
, led by Michael Howard
campaigned on more traditional Conservative policies, such as immigration limits, improving poor hospital conditions and reducing high crime rates, all under the slogan 'Are you thinking what we're thinking?'. The Liberal Democrats
, led by Charles Kennedy
were staunchly opposed to the Iraq War and sought to collect votes from disenchanted Labour voters.
Tony Blair was returned as Prime Minister
, with Labour holding 355 MPs but with a popular vote of 35.2%, the lowest of any majority government in British history. The Conservatives managed to return 198 MPs, 33 more than they had previously and managed to win the popular vote in England
. The Liberal Democrats saw their popular vote increase by 3.7% and won the most seats for any third party since 1923
, in the form of 62 MPs. Former Labour MP and anti-war activist George Galloway
was elected as an MP for the newly formed Respect Party
, and two independent candidates were elected (Blaenau Gwent People's Voice
and Health Concern
In Northern Ireland
, the moderately unionist Ulster......