United Nations Security Council Resolution 1612
, adopted unanimously on July 26, 2005, after recalling resolutions 1261
(2003) and 1539
(2004), the Council established a monitoring and reporting mechanism on the use of child soldiers
More than 50 governments and rebel groups would be monitored after the passing of the resolution.
In the preamble of the resolution, the Security Council recognised progress in developing guidelines to protect children in armed conflict
, but in practice, their rights were still violated with impunity
and there was lack of progress on the ground. Furthermore, it highlighted connections between the use of children and illicit arms trafficking
As with previous resolutions on the topic, the Council condemned the use and recruitment of child soldiers. The Secretary-General Kofi Annan
was asked to implement the following mechanism of reporting and monitoring children in armed conflict:
- (a) gather information on the recruitment of child soldiers and the abuse of children;
- (b) collaborate with relevant authorities and United Nations agencies;
- (c) strengthen the protective role of governments;
- (d) dialogues with armed groups as part of a peace process.
A working group was also established to monitor the reports of the mechanism and make recommendations.
The Security Council noted the... Read More