The United States
is not a member of the International Criminal Court
(ICC). The ICC is a permanent international criminal court
, founded in 2002 by the Rome Statute to "bring to justice the perpetrators of the worst crimes known to humankind - war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide", especially when national courts are unable or unwilling to do so.
As of April 2011, 114 states are members of the court and 139 countries have signed but not ratified
the Rome Statute
. Other countries that have not signed or ratified the Rome Statute include India
, and China
. On May 6, 2002, the United States, in a position shared with Israel
, signed the Rome Statute but formally withdrew its intent of ratification.
Positions in the United States concerning the ICC vary widely. The Clinton Administration signed the Rome Statute in 2000, but did not submit it for Senate ratification. The Bush Administration
, the US administration at the time of the ICC's founding, stated that it would not join the ICC. The Obama Administration
has subsequently re-established a working relationship with the court.
Signing and ratification
Seven countries voted against the treaty, namely: Iraq, Israel, Libya, People's Republic of China, Qatar, Yemen, and the United... Read More