The United States team took 16 of the 23 track & field athletics medals, having competed in 22 events (all except the 5000 metre team race). The Americans failed to win a medal in only 3 of the 22 events they contested—the marathon and the two steeplechase events. Kraenzlein won four gold medals while Baxter and Tewksbury led in total medals with five each.
The United States' first cycling appearance was at the second Olympic cycling competition, 1900. One cyclist from the United States competed in both events, winning the bronze medal in the 2000 metre sprint to become the only cyclist from outside France to win a medal.
The United States had one equestrian in the initial Olympic equestrian events.
The United States first competed in fencing at the Olympics in the sport's second appearance. The nation sent two fencers.