The U.S. Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense
is one of twelve subcommittees of the U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations
. Military defense spending is the largest individual component of federal discretionary spending
, making the Defense Subcommittee one of the more powerful Appropriations subcommittees. When referring to federal discretionary spending as a whole, many budget analysts make a distinction between defense and non-defense discretionary spending.
Funding requirements for the United States military are laid out in the U.S Constitution
. In addition to the general requirement that funds withdrawn from the Treasury only through "appropriations made by law" (Article I, Section 9
), the Constitution gives Congress the authority to "raise and support Armies," but limits funding for the military to a maximum of two years (Article I, Section 8
). This restriction is generally not an issue for Congress, since by law, the federal budget operates on a year-to-year basis.
The subcommittee oversees overall funding for the Department of Defense
, including the Army
, Air Force
. The subcommittee is also responsible for funding for the Central Intelligence Agency
Some defense agencies are the responsibility of separate subcommittees. Funding for military construction activities, such... Read More