United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce
The United States Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce was a special committee of the United States Senate which existed from 1950 to 1951 and which investigated organized crime which crossed state borders in the United States. The committee became popularly known as the Kefauver Committee because of its chairman, SenatorEstes Kefauver.Friedman, The Secret Histories: Hidden Truths That Challenged the Past and Changed the World, 2005, p. 151.
Genesis of the committee
Organized crime was the subject of a large number of widely-read articles in several major newspapers and magazines in 1949.Thompson, Gambling in America: An Encyclopedia of History, Issues, and Society, 2001, p. 207. Many cities and states called for federal help in dealing with organized crime, yet federal law provided few tools for the U.S. government to do so. In particular, many cities and states were concerned with the way organized crime had infiltrated interstate commerce, and how it threatened to hold the American economy hostage through labor racketeering.<ref... Read More