It was established as a public university with the Presidential Decree 13/2000. Its seat is Tripolis and is being developed at the level of complete Schools in the five capitals of the Prefectures of the Region of Peloponnese.
The University was inaugurated in the 20th of September of 2002 with the beginning of operation of the Department of Computer Science and Technology and the Department of Telecommunication Science and Technology of the School of Science and Technology. The purpose of the establishment and operation of the University of Peloponnese is its creative contribution to the development of the tertiary education in Greece, with high quality standards in the study programme, research and teaching, which will meet the demands of a modern University of national, European and international impact. The University of Peloponnese refers to Greece and the Greeks all over the world with the ambition to create strong ties with the Greek colonies and become a centre of cooperation and mental creativity for all Greeks.
The University of Peloponnese is divided into six academic schools (), which are furthermore divided into many departments (Greek: Τμήματα):