are divided into subdistricts called Upazila Parishad (UZP), or Thana (Bengali
). Upazilas are similar to the county
subdivisions found in some Western
Bangladesh, at present, has 500 upazilas and 509 administrative thana
. The upazilas are the second lowest tier of regional administration in Bangladesh. The administrative structure consists in fact in Divisions (7), Districts (64), Upazila/Thana and Union Porishods (UPs). This system of devolution
was introduced by the former military ruler and President of Bangladesh Lieutenant General Hossain Mohammad Ershad
in an attempt to strengthen local government.
Below UPs, villages (Graam
) and Paara
exist, but these have no administrative power and elected members. The Local Government Ordinance
was amended a year later, redesignating and upgrading the existing thanas
Each Upazila Porishod
(or council) has a chairman, a vice chairman and a woman vice chairman. All three are elected through direct popular election. Union Porishod chairmen within the upazila are considered as the members of the porishod
. The post of a woman vice chairman
was created to ensure at least one-third woman representation in the all elected posts of the local government.
There is a non-elected administrative Upazila Nirbahi Officer
(UNO) in each Upazila. UNOs are Senior Assistant......