(April 29, 1917–September 25, 2005) was a Russian American psychologist
, known for developing his Ecological Systems Theory
, and as a co-founder of the Head Start
program in the United States
for disadvantaged pre-school children.
Background and career
Urie Bronfenbrenner was born to Russian Jews
, Dr. Alexander Bronfenbrenner and Eugenie Kamenetski Bronfenbrenner, in Moscow
. When he was 6, the family moved from the USSR
to the United States.
Bronfenbrenner attended Cornell University
on a scholarship, completing a double major in psychology
in 1938. After earning an M.A.
at Harvard University
in developmental psychology
, he completed a Ph.D.
at the University of Michigan
in 1942. Thereafter he entered service in the United States Army
as a psychologist. Following a brief stint at the Veterans' Administration
following World War II
, Bronfenbrenner began teaching. First an Assistant Professor in Psychology at the University of Michigan, he took a professorship at Cornell University
in 1948. In the late 1960s to early 1970s, Bronfenbrenner served as a faculty-elected member of Cornell's Board of Trustees. At his death in 2005, Bronfenbrenner was the Jacob Gould Schurman Professor Emeritus
of Human Development and of Psychology in the Cornell University College of Human Ecology
Ecological Systems Theory
Urie... Read More