USS United States vs HMS Macedonian

USS United States Vs HMS Macedonian

Military Conflict
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USS United States vs HMS Macedonian

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Description:
The capture of HMS Macedonian was a naval action fought near Madeira on 25 October 1812 between the frigates , commanded by Stephen Decatur, and , under the command of John Surnam Carden. The American vessel won the battle, and the Macedonian was captured.

Background

The United States declared war on the United Kingdom on 18 June 1812. United States, the frigate , and the brig joined Commodore John Rodgers' squadron at New York City and put to sea immediately, cruising off the east coast until the end of August. The squadron again sailed on 8 October 1812, this time from Boston. Three days later, after capturing Mandarin, the United States parted company and continued to cruise eastward.

Battle

At dawn, on 25 October, five hundred miles south of the Azores, lookouts on board United States reported seeing a sail to windward. As the ship rose over the horizon, Captain Decatur made out the fine, familiar lines of HMS Macedonian.

Both ships were immediately cleared for action and commenced maneuvers at 0900. Captain Carden elected not to risk crossing the bows of United States to rake her, but chose instead to haul closer to the wind on a parallel course with the American vessel. For his part, Decatur intended to engage Macedonian from fairly long range, where his 24 pounders (11 kg) would have the advantage over the 18 pounders (8 kg) of the British, and then move in for the kill.

The actual battle developed according to Decatur's plan.......
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