Vappala Pangunni Menon CIS CIE
(1894-1966), also known as V. P. Menon
, was an Indian
civil servant who played a vital role during the partition of India
and the integration
of independent India, from the period 1945-1950.
Menon was the son of a school headmaster in Kerala and worked as a railway stoker, coal miner and Bangalore tobacco company clerk before gaining a junior post in the civil service. Menon had begun as a clerk in the Indian Civil Service
, but working assiduously hard, Menon rose through the ranks to become the highest serving Indian officer in British India
. In 1946, he was appointed Political Reforms Commissioner to the British Viceroy.
In Patrick French
's book, India - a portrait, it is mentioned that VP Menon moved in with his Keralite friends after his wife left him and returned to south India. The couple had actually arranged his marriage and helped raise his two sons. When the husband dies, Menon married his widow.
Partition of India
- See Also: Indian Independence Movement, Partition of India
Menon was the political advisor of the last Viceroy of India
, Lord Louis Mountbatten
. When the interim Government had collapsed due to the rivalry between the Indian National Congress
and the Muslim League
, Menon had proposed to Mountbatten, Jawaharlal Nehru
and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
, the Indian leaders, the Muslim League's plan to partition India into two independent nations - India and......