Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus
- For other uses, see Valerian.
(died 257 or 258), also known as Valerian II
, was the eldest son of Roman Emperor Gallienus
and Augusta Cornelia Salonina
who was of Greek
origin and grandson of the Emperor Valerian I
who was of a noble and traditional senatorial family.
Shortly after his acclamation as Emperor (Augustus) Valerian made Gallienus his co-Emperor and his grandson, Valerian, Caesar, in 256. (For a discussion of the dynastic politics that motivated this process see the related article on Saloninus
The young Caesar was then established in Sirmium
to represent the Licinius family in the government of the troubled Illyrian provinces while Gallienus transferred his attentions to Germany to deal with barbarian incursions into Gaul. Because of his youth (he was probably no more than fifteen at the time) Valerian was put under the guardianship of Ingenuus
who seems to have held an extraordinary command as governor of the Illyrian provinces - i.e. Upper and Lower Pannonia
and Upper and Lower Moesia
It is reported that Salonina was not happy with this arrangement. Although she could not publicly dispute the decisions of Valerian, the pater patriae
which had been formally agreed by her husband, Gallienus, she suspected Ingenuus's motives and asked an officer called Valentinus, otherwise unknown, to keep an eye on him. Despite this precaution, Valerian died in... Read More