() is a province
in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van
and the Iranian
border. It is 19,069 km<sup>2</sup> in area and has a population of 1,035,418 .
Its adjacent provinces are Bitlis
to the west, Siirt
to the southwest, Şırnak
to the south, and Agri
to the north. The capital is Van
, ). The province and the surrounding area is the home of famous Van kedisi
.On January 9, 1990 in Van vas recorded the lowest temperature in Turkey with -46.4 °C
Van province is divided into 12 districts
(district capitals in bold
This area was the heartland of Armenians
, who lived in these areas from the time of Hayk in the 3rd millennium BCE right up to the late 19th century when the Ottoman Empire seized all the land from the natives. From 7 century BC up to Islamic conquest of Persians (640 AD), Van has been under different Persian dynasties of Merdia, Achaemenids, Arcasids and Sassanids. In 908-1021 was central part of Armenian Kingdom of , then joined . With the Seljuq victory at the in 1071, just north of , it became a part of and later the . For centuries after that, the area was a major Armenian population center.