In later times, the Velia was called Summa Sacra Via ("Summit of the Sacra Via") — since that road began there at its highest point — and was marked by the Arch of Titus and Temple of Venus and Roma. (An alternate theory is that the Velia was actually the eastern half of the PalatineGilbert, Otto (1883-90), ; 3 vols., Leipzig; Vol. I, pp 104‑109.).
The Velian was reckoned as one of the seven hills on which the Septimontium was celebrated.
The hill is described by Dionysius of Halicarnassus as ὑψηλὸν ἐπιεικῶς καὶ περίτομον; and a primitive grave found in 1908 near the Arch of Titus lay at about 28 metres above sea-level, whereas virgin soil was found in the lowest part of the valley occupied by the Roman Forum at 3.6m, and in connection with the excavation of the Sepulcretum, at... Read More