is the compact VHS videocassette
format introduced in 1982 and used primarily for consumer-grade compact analog recording camcorders
. The format is based on the same video tape
as is used in VHS, and can be played back in a standard VHS VCR
with an adapter. Though quite inexpensive, the format is largely obsolete even as a consumer standard and has been replaced in the marketplace by digital video
formats, which have smaller form factors.
The magnetic tape
on VHS-C cassettes is wound on one main spool and used a gear wheel which moves the tape forward. It can also be moved by hand. This development hampered the sales of the Betamax
system somewhat, because the Betamax cassette geometry prevented a similar development.
VHS-C cassette was larger than Video8
cassette, but was compatible with VHS tape recorders. A higher quality version of VHS-C was released, based on S-VHS
, known as S-VHS-C, that competed against Hi8
, the higher quality version of Video8
. The arrival on the market of inexpensive S-VHS-C camcorders led to the inclusion on many modern VCRs of a feature known as SQPB, or SuperVHS Quasi-PlayBack, but did not make a significant impact on the market as the arrival of MiniDV
as a consumer standard made low-cost, digital, near-broadcast quality
video widely... Read More