The Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China () is a high-ranking executive assistant to the Premier. There is a First-ranking Vice Premier (第一副总理), sometimes called Executive Vice Premier (常务副总理) wrongly by the non-official media. It is an informal title and takes over duties of the Premier at the time of the latter's incapacity. In addition, there are numerous other Vice-Premiers who assume certain broad portfolio.
In irregular instances, the position of a First Vice Premier has been named either to indicate degree of power, nominal power, or when the Premier is incapacitated and requires a full time assistant to carry out his regular duties.