The Vice President of the People's Republic of China
(), formerly Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China
, or abbreviated Guójiā Fù Zhǔxí
国家副主席, literally Vice Chairman of State) is a senior position in the government of the People's Republic of China
Selection and Powers
The office was created by the 1982 constitution
. Formally, the Vice President is elected by the National People's Congress
in accordance with Article 62 of the Constitution. In practice, this election falls into the category of 'single-candidate' elections
. The candidate is recommended by the Presidium of the National People's Congress, which also theoretically has the power to recall the Vice President.
By law, the Vice President must be a Chinese citizen of 45 years of age or older. He or she cannot serve for over two terms, a term being the equivalent of one session of the NPC, which is five years.
The Vice President's duties include assisting the President
, and replacing him should he resign or die in office. In reality the position of the Vice-President is basically ceremonial, and only until Hu Jintao
the recent Vice-Presidents have been members of the Politburo Standing Committee
, China's main decision makers.