is a district of Madhya Pradesh
state in central India. The city of Vidisha
is the administrative headquarters of the district.
The district is bounded by the districts of Ashoknagar
to the northeast, Sagar
to the east, Raisen
to the south, Bhopal
to the southwest, and Guna
to the northwest.
Vidisha district lies on the Vindhyachal Plateau off the main Vindhyachal Range
. The Plateau slopes from south to north and is drained by a number of rivers – the Betwa
, the Bina and the Sindh
. These rivers flow between spur fanges of the Vindhyachal Range, that spread out on the Malwa Plateau
The district lies between 23<sup>0</sup> 20’ and 24<sup>0</sup> 22' north latitudes, and 77<sup>0</sup> 16’ and 78<sup>0</sup> 18’ east longitudes. It covers an area of 7,371 sq km.
The district is home to the historic city of Besnagar
and the Buddhist stupa
The district was created in 1904 by joining the tehsils of Vidisha and Basoda
, which were then part of Gwalior
state. After India's independence in 1947, the former princely state of Gwalior became part of Madhya Bharat
state, which was formed in 1948. Vidisha District was enlarged in 1949 by the addition of the small princely state of Kurwai
. The district took its present form in 1956, when Madhya Bharat
state, and the......