Mainstream Vietnamese communities began arriving in Canada
in the mid 1970s and early 1980s as refugees or boat people
following the end of the Vietnam War
in 1975, though a couple thousand were already living in Quebec before then, most of whom were students. Most new arrivees were sponsored by groups of individuals, temples, and churches and settled in areas around Southern Ontario
, Montreal, Quebec, and Vancouver, British Columbia
. Between 1975 to 1985, 110,000 settled in Canada
(23,000 in Ontario; 13,000 in Quebec; 8,000 in Alberta; 7,000 British Columbia; 5,000 in Manitoba; 3,000 in Saskatchewan; and 2,000 in the Maritime provinces). As time passed, most eventually settled in urban centres like Toronto
The next wave of Vietnamese migration came in the late 1980s and 1990s as both refugees and immigrant classes of post-war Vietnam
entered Canada. These groups settled in urban areas, in particular Toronto, Montreal, Calgary and Vancouver.
Vietnamese immigrants settled mainly in the eastern sections of Vancouver
and in Montreal's downtown and south shore. In Toronto
they have settled in the city's Chinatown area near Spadina Avenue and Dundas Street West or to the west in Mississauga
. Vietnamese Canadians also brought their cuisine and phở
has become a popular food everywhere in Canada.
Notable Canadians of Vietnamese origin