Vladimir Ipatieff

Vladimir Ipatieff

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Vladimir Ipatieff

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<!-- Deleted image removed: -->Vladimir Nikolayevich Ipatieff (also Ipatiev, ) (November 21, 1867 (November 9 OS) - November 29, 1952) was a Russian and American chemist. His most important contributions are in the field of petroleum chemistry.

Born in Moscow, Ipatieff first studied artillery in the Mikhailovskaya Artillery Academy in Petersburg, then later studied chemistry in Russia with Alexei Yevgrafovich Favorskii and in Germany. (The prominence of the extended family is illustrated by the fact that the July July 17th, 1918 extermination of by then ex-Czar Nicholas Romanoff, the Empress and the rest of the royal family, their doctor and retinue actually took place in the basement of a vacation house owned by the Ipatieff family in Ekaternburg.) His first works in chemistry were devoted to the study of metals and explosives. Later, his works on catalysis methods under high pressure made him famous as a chemist; for his reactions he used massive bombs (often called Ipatieff bomb) made of steel. With the start of World War I, Ipatieff organized a dedicated laboratory in Petersburg which made improvements to the chemical weaponry and the methods of chemical protection for the army. Before the October revolution, Ipatieff was a General-Lieutenant of the Russian army and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

After the revolution, Ipatieff was active in creating and heading several important chemical research centers in Soviet Russia. Lenin called him "the...
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