Volkmann's contracture, also known as Volkmann's ischaemic contracture, is a permanent flexioncontracture of the hand at the wrist, resulting in a claw-like deformity of the hand and fingers. It is more common in children. Passive extension of fingers is restricted and painful. On examination the fingers are white or blue and cold and the radial pulse is absent.
It is named after Dr. Richard von Volkmann (1830 - 1889), the 19th century German doctor who first described it, in a paper on "non-Infective Ischemic conditions of various fascial compartments in the extremities".
Any fracture in elbow region or upper arm may lead to Volkmann's ischemic contracture but commonly caused due to supracondylar fracture of the humerus.