The River Vologda () is a river in Russia. The name seems to mean "Little Volga", apparently in honour of the Volga, the major river of central and southern Russia. The river gives its name to the Vologda Oblast and the city of Vologda which is located on the Vologda River. The river is a right tributary of the Sukhona River. The length of the Vologda River is 155 km. The area of its basin is 3030 km². The river is navigable from its confluence with the Toshnya River.
The waters of the Vologda ultimately flow (via other larger rivers) into the White Sea.