Vytautas' the Great Church of the Assumption of The Holy Virgin Mary
() is a Roman Catholic
church in Kaunas
, and is one of the oldest churches in the city.
The church was built in the right bank of the Neman River
monks and foreign merchants. It was ordered and funded by Vytautas the Great
as a commendation
to the Blessed Virgin Mary
for saving his life after a major defeat in the Battle of the Vorskla River
Being quite close to the river the church has many times suffered from spring floods. In 1812 it was burned by French troops. The Franciscan monastery
was closed by Russian administration after the November Uprising
. In 1845 the Catholic church was closed and later it was rebuilt and reopened as an and Orthodox church. Since 1903 it served as military barracks
. In 1915 Germans organised a warehouse here. The building, returned to the Catholic Church
in 1919 underwent major renovation works in 1931-1938 and again in 1978-1982.
The church was constructed in Gothic
style and is an example of the Lithuanian Brick Gothic
architecture. The church layout of the Latin cross
is unique in the Lithuanian Gothic. After the ground level around the church has been raised significantly, the façades became lower and the windows were shortened, as well as the side portals were removedLietuvos architektūros istorija. I dalis.
Jonas Minkevičius. Vilnius Mokslas 1988 p. 126. The bell tower
was added... Read More