The War Department
(WD) "Austerity" 2-8-0
is a type of heavy freight steam locomotive
that was introduced in 1943 for war service. A total of 935 were built.
The Austerity 2-8-0 was based on the LMS Class 8F
, which until that point had been the government's standard design. Various modifications were made to the 8F design by R.A. Riddles
including a boiler of simpler construction which was parallel
rather than tapered
and a round-topped firebox
rather than a Belpaire firebox
. The firebox was made of steel
rather than the rarer and more expensive copper
The North British Locomotive Company
built 545 and the Vulcan Foundry
built 390. North British also built a larger 2-10-0 version
Most saw service with the British Army
in mainland Europe
After the end of the conflict, the War Department disposed of 930 locomotives (Two engines being retained by the War Department and three being scrapped).
After the Second World War, 200 were sold to the LNER
, who classified them as "Class O7" and numbered them 3000–3199. In 1948, 533 more were purchased by the British Transport Commission
With the creation of British Railways
, the 733 locomotives were renumbered into the 90000–90732 series. Only one of these, No. 90732, was named, becoming Vulcan
after the Vulcan Foundry
where many of the locomotives were built.
In 1946, 12 were exported to the British colony of Hong Kong
to work the......