Wei (Spring and Autumn Period)

Wei (Spring And Autumn Period)

Wei (Spring and Autumn Period)

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This article is about the State of Wei founded during the Spring and Autumn Period. For the Warring States Period state whose name is pronounced identically, see Wei .Wei (Simplified: 卫; Traditional: 衞; Pinyin: Wèi, sometimes spelled Wey to distinguish it from the other Wei) was a state, founded in the Zhou Dynasty, which rose to prominence during the Spring and Autumn Period (770 to 476 BC). Its rulers were of the surname Ji (姬), the same as that of the rulers of Zhou. Its original location was on the North China Plain just east of the Shanxi plateau and north and west of the Yellow River. Jin was to the west and Cao to the east.

Early history

The history of Wei dates back to the beginning of the Zhou Dynasty, when the younger brother of King Wu of Zhou was given a fief centred around Chaoge, the capital of the Shang Dynasty; in later years the fief was further expanded and given the title Wei.

The original feudal rank of the rulers of Wei was elevated to that of hou (roughly equivalent to Marquess) by bribery; during the turmoil in 771 BC, when the Zhou capital of Haojing was sacked and the crown prince fled east, the state of Wei protected and escorted the prince, and for this the rulers were further elevated to gong (equivalent to a Duke).

Spring and Autumn Period

The State of Wei was at its peak during the early Spring and Autumn Period, under Duke Wu of Wei, who reigned for 55 years. In the reign of subsequent rulers, however, the state was plagued by...
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